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By state law (RSA 159:19), the only place you can't have a gun is a courthouse or courtroom. By federal law, there are two places where you can't carry.
Here are the two federal laws:
On private property (including stores, theaters, restaurants, etc.), the property owner can set a “no guns” policy. In NH a “No Firearms” sign posted on private property does not carry the weight of law but they can ask you to leave if you’re carrying, and have you arrested for trespassing if you don’t leave. You will not have violated NH law related to carrying a firearm but you will be violating their company policy and NH trespassing statutes if you don’t leave when you are asked.
The NH Attorney General's Office has stated that open carry is regarded as a "Right", and though any citizen may call the police if they observe someone carrying a gun openly, that citizen's "annoyance and alarm" does not override the "Right" to carry openly. The police are obligated to investigate the citizen's complaint, but once it is determined that there is no substance to the complaint, the citizen openly carrying should be allowed to carry on with his/her business. Obviously in the post-9/11 age if people observe you openly carrying a firearm it may cause them to be concerned and to report you to the police. Once such a report has been made you can expect to be identified and questioned to determine if there is an actual threat.
RSA 159:26, declares that only the state (not cities or towns) may regulate firearms, and that any city or town ordinances about guns are null and void, except for zoning and hunting.
The New Hampshire Department of Safety maintains current information on state reciprocity.
A person in possession or control of premises or a person who is licensed or privileged to be thereon is justified in using non-deadly force upon another when and to the extent that he reasonably believes it necessary to prevent or terminate the commission of criminal trespass by such other in or upon such premises, but he may use deadly force under such circumstances only in defense of a person as prescribed in RSA 627:4 or when he reasonably believes it necessary to prevent an attempt by the trespasser to commit arson.
A person is justified in using force upon another when and to the extent that he reasonably believes it necessary to prevent what is or reasonably appears to be an unlawful taking of his property, or criminal mischief, or to retake his property immediately following its taking; but he may use deadly force under such circumstances only in defense of a person as prescribed in RSA 627:4.